My passion for permaculture is one of the driving forces behind my support of plant based diets. The two go hand-in-hand, and planting a garden is a great way to sustainably support your plant based diet needs. There are a few plants in particular that have been proven time and time again in the realm of permaculture to create a mutually beneficial garden environment between themselves and other plants in the garden.
While my main goal is to focus on plant based diets, this plant is inedible. However, it has several medicinal properties that make it a great plant to grow in your garden. The comfrey plant also benefits the plants surrounding it because it pulls up deeply buried nutrients with its deep root system. The flowers are also great for pollination, even though they don’t last for very long.
This perennial falls into the legume family. Aside from being absolutely delicious, they are also full of protein. They’re high on the permaculture list because this legume also has qualities that can fix the quality of the soil is planted in. They also that the deeply rooting tap roots that comfrey has, so they pull up nutrients in a similar fashion.
The hazelnut tree is another go-to in the permaculture community. Trees are especially useful because their crops provide nutrients, while their bodies provide a multitude of uses. Hazelnut bushes and trees can be used as windbreakers in your garden or to serve as “understory” trees for trees that produce heavier crops (to break the fall of the fruits). The hazelnuts themselves are a great source of protein and calories for your plant based diet.
The Moringa tree is not as common as the other plants in this list, but it is steadily gaining popularity. Moringa trees are perennials that put nitrogen into the soil (which acts as a natural fertilizer). The entire tree has been deemed a “superfood”, and literally every part of the tree can be eaten. The leaves are the most versatile, as they can be eaten fresh or dried, and used as a powder or in a salad.